Research Institute | Call 301-560-7300



Press Releases

MedStar Health Rehabilitation Research and Training Center Awarded Funding | Under the direction of Suzanne Groah, MD, MSPH, the RRTC is a collaboration between MedStar National Rehabilitation Hospital, Georgetown University, TIRR Memorial Hermann, and Children’s National Medical Center. | Read More.

MedStar Health Research Institute Awarded Research Grant from the U.S. Department of Defense | Suzanne Groah, MD, MSPH, has been awarded a contract through the U.S. Department of Defense - Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs to conduct focused research for patients who are living with spinal cord injuries and neurogenic bladder. | Read More.

Bladder Rehab Buzz Newsletter

Volume 1 | May 2020
Volume 2 | December 2020
Volume 3 | June 2021

Urinary Symptom Questionnaires

Urinary symptom questionnaires are also available for clinicians and researchers. Please click here for additional versions.

Fact Sheets


Podcasts en Español

BladderBuzz podcasts are also available on iPhone Podcast, and Google Podcast


Hsieh M, Groah SL. The urine microbiome of healthy men and women differs by urine collection method. Int Neurourology J 2020 (in press)

Forster CS, Wang J. Symptom and urinalysis-based approach to diagnosing urinary tract infections in children with neuropathic bladders. Pediatric Nephrology. In press. PMID: 31919595

Forster CS, Pohl H. The diagnosis of UTI in the neuropathic bladder: Changing the paradigm to include the microbiome. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehab, 2019, 25(3):222-227. PMID: 31548789.

Forster C, Hsieh MH, Perez-Losada M, Caldovic L, Pohl H, Ljungberg IH, Sprague B, Stroud C, Groah SL. A single intravesical instillation of probiotics is safe in children and adults with neuropathic bladder: A phase Ia clinical trial. JSCM 2019 (in press)

Tractenberg RE*, Groah SL*, Frost JK, Rounds AK, Davis E, Ljungberg IH, Schladen MM. Effects of intravesical Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG on urinary Symptom Burden in People with Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction. PMR 2019 (under review)

Hamdy R, Pohl H, Forster CS. Antibiotic prophylaxis prescribing patterns of pediatric urologists for children with vesicoureteral reflux and other congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. Urology. In press. PMID: 31758980

Gasiorek M, Hsieh H, Forster CS. The Utility of DNA Next Generation Sequencing and Expanded Quantitative Urine Culture in the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic of Persistent Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms. The Journal of Clinical Microbiology. In press. PMID: 31619534

Groah SL, Rounds AK, Ljungberg IH, Sprague B, Frost J, Tractenberg RE. Intravesical Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG is Safe and Well-Tolerated in Adults and Children with Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction: First-in-Human Trial. Ther Adv Urol 2019;11:1-13

Stampas A, Gustafson K, Korupolu R, Smith C, Zhu L, Li S. Bladder Neuromodulation in Acute Spinal Cord Injury via Transcutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation: Cystometrogram and Autonomic Nervous System Evidence From a Randomized Control Pilot Trial. Front Neurosci 19;13:119. Feb 2019

Stampas A, Khavari R, Frontera JE, Groah SL. Feasibility of Self-Administered Neuromodulation in Spinal Cord Injury Neurogenic Bladder. Int Neurourology J 2019 Sep;23(3):249-256.

Stampas A, Korupolu R, Zhu L, Smith CP, Gustafson K. Safety, Feasibility, and Efficacy of Transcutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation in Acute Spinal Cord Injury Neurogenic Bladder: A Randomized Control Pilot Trial. Neuromodulation. Oct 3 2018.

Roy JP, Forster CS. Clinical Progress Note: Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury. Journal of Hospital Medicine. E pub Aug 16, 2019. PMID: 31433778.

Forster CS, Powell EA, Deburger B, Courter J, Haslam DB, and Mortensen JE. Association of Systemic Antimicrobials with the Expression of Beta-Lacatamases in Bacteria Cultured from Urological Patients. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2019, 94(4): 391-394. PMID: 30890298

Forster CS, Haffey WD, Bennett M, Greis KD, and Devarajan P. Identification of Urinary CD44 and Prosaposin as Specific Biomarkers of Urinary Tract Infections in Children with Neurogenic Bladders. Biomarker Insights, 2019 Mar 15;1. PMID: 30906192

Forster CS, Goldstein S, Pohl H, and Jackson E. The Association Between Urodynamic Parameters and Urine NGAL Concentrations in Children with Neurogenic Bladders. Journal of Pediatric Urology, Epub 2019; Jan 23. PMID: 30799170

Forster CS, Jackson E, and Goldstein S. Variation in the Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Neurogenic Bladders between Subspecialists. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 2018 Dec;14(6):567.e1-567.e6. PMID: 30177384

Nally E, Groah SL, Perez-Losada M, Caldovic L, Ljungberg IH, Sprague B, Castro-Nallar E, Chandal N, Hsieh M, Pohl H. Identification of Burkholderia fungorum in the urine of an individual with spinal cord injury and augmentation cystoplasty using 16s sequencing: Co-pathogen or innocent bystander? Spinal Cord Series Cases 2018 Sep 21;4:85. Doi: 10.1038/s41394-018-0115-2.

Forster CS, Elizabeth Jackson, Qing Ma, Michael Bennett, Samir Shah, and Stuart Goldstein. Predictive Ability of NGAL in Identifying Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Neurogenic Bladders. Pediatric Nephrology, 2018; 33(8): 1365-1374. PMID: 29532235

Forster CS, Shaikh N, Hoberman A, Jackson E. Uropathogens and Pyuria in Children with Neurogenic Bladders. Pediatrics, 2018;142(2). PMID: 29618582

Tractenberg RE, Groah SL, Rounds MK, Ljungberg IH, Schladen MM. Preliminary validation of a Urinary Symptom Questionnaire for individuals with Neuropathic Bladder using Intermittent Catheterization (USQNB-IC): A patient-centered patient reported outcome. PLoS ONE 2018;13(7):e0197568.

Stampas A, Dominick E, Zhu L. Evaluation of functional outcomes in traumatic spinal cord injury with rehabilitation-acquired urinary tract infections: A retrospective study. J Spinal Cord Med 3:1-14. Apr 2018

Gerber DC, Forster CS, Hsieh M. The role of the genitourinary microbiome in pediatric urology: a review. Current Urology Reports. 2018 Feb 22;19(1):13. PMID: 29468401

Tractenberg RE, Garver A, Ljungberg IH, Schladen MM, Groah SL Maintaining primacy of the patient perspective in the development of patient-centered patient reported outcomes. PLoS ONE 2017;12(3): e0171114. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171114

Parikh A, Rizzo J, Chalfin D, Canetta P, Forster CS, Sise M, Marroug O, Singer E, Elger A, Elitok S, Schmidt-Ott K, Barasch J, Nickolas T. Does NGAL Reduce Cost? A Cost Analysis of Urine NGAL and Serum Creatinine for Acute Kidney Injury. PLOS One, 2017 September; 12(9). PMID:28953968

Forster CS, Haslam DB, Jackson E, Goldstein S. Utility of a Routine Urinalysis in Children Who Require on Clean Intermittent Catheterization. Journal of Pediatric Urology, 2017 October;13(5): 488.e1-488.e5. PMID 28284733

Forster CS, Johnson K, Patel V, Rodig N, Barasch J, Bachur R, Lee R. Urinary NGAL Deficiency in Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections. Pediatric Nephrology, 2017 June; 32(6): 1077-80. PMID 28210838

Xu K, Rosenthal P, Paragas N, Hinze C, Gao X, Merth M, Forster CS, Deng R, Bruck E, Boles RW, Tornato A, Jones M, Konig J, Gopal T, D’Agati V, Erdjument-Bromage H, Saggi S, Wagener G, Schmidt-Ott K, Tattonetti N, Tempst P, Oliver J, Guarnieri P, Barasch J. Unique Transcriptional Programs Identify Subtypes of “Acute Kidney Injury”. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2017 June; 28(6): 1729-40. PMID: 28028135

Forster CS, Courter J, Jackson E, Mortensen J, Haslam D. Frequency of Multidrug-Resistant Organisms Cultured From Urine of Children Undergoing Clean Intermittent Catheterization. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Society, 2017 Nov 24;6(4):332-338. PMID: 29186590

Groah SL, Perez-Losada M, Caldovic L, Ljungberg IH, Sprague B, Castro-Nallar E, Chandal N, Hsieh M, Pohl H. Redefining healthy urine: a cross-sectional exploratory metagenomic study of people with and without bladder dysfunction. J Urol 2016;196(2):579-87.

Forster CS, Herbst L, Jerardi KE, Brady P. Right Test, Wrong Patient: Biomarkers and Value. Hospital Pediatrics, 2016 May; 6(5):315-7. PMID 27052032.