Our program provides specific training in each of these areas:
Patient and Care Management
In addition to the core clinical skills of internal medicine, all
cardiology trainees develop skills in obtaining a history and
performing a complete cardiovascular physical examination.
See more about Patient Care and Management.
Understanding, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment of
Trainees become well educated in pathogenesis, pathology, risk
factors, natural history, diagnosis by history, physical
examination and laboratory methods, medical and surgical
management, complications and prevention of cardiovascular
See more about Understanding, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment
of Cardiovascular Disease.
Training includes full-time experience with patients undergoing
intensive care for acute cardiovascular disorders and coronary
See more about Intensive Care.
Ambulatory, Outpatient and Follow-Up Care
Trainees learn the importance of continued responsibility for
principal care, co-management with primary care physicians, and
See more about Ambulatory, Outpatient and Follow-Up Care.
All cardiovascular trainees become skilled in the interpretation
See more about Electrocardiography.
Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory
The trainees have direct, supervised experience in a general
adult cardiac catheterization laboratory that performs
catheterizations of both the right and left sides of the heart.
See more about Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory.
All trainees should know the general principles, indications,
risks and benefits of nuclear cardiovascular procedures.
See more about Nuclear Cardiology.
Cardiac Arrhythmia and Device Management
All trainees understand the diagnosis and management of cardiac
arrhythmias. All trainees must be skilled in the selection of
patients for specialized electrophysiologic studies.
See more about Cardiac Arrhythmia and Device Management.
Heart Failure and Heart Transplantation
All trainees understand the diagnosis and management of patients
with heart failure and that of cardiac transplant recipients.
See more about Heart Failure and Heart Transplantation.
Congenital Heart Disease in the Adult
All trainees understand the diagnosis and management of adult
patients with and without surgical repair of congenital heart
See more about Congenital Heart Disease in the Adult.
Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine
All trainees know the principles of preventive cardiovascular
medicine, including vascular biology, genetics, epidemiology,
biostatistics, clinical trials, outcomes research, clinical
pharmacology, behavior change and multidisciplinary care.
See more about Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine.
The trainees develop sound knowledge of the clinical features and
treatment of vascular disease.
See more about Vascular Medicine.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Familiarity with the cardiovascular applications and
interpretations of magnetic resonance images is essential to the
training of a cardiovascular fellow. This imaging modality has
many existing uses and considerable potential in noninvasive
See more about Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
Computed tomography (CT) is a rapidly evolving technique to
evaluate cardiovascular anatomy and function and trainees
participate in well over 50 mentored interpretations to achieve
Level 1 competency.
See more about Computed Tomography.
All trainees participate actively in research activities.
Trainees who anticipate a career in academic cardiology have
additional specialized training.
See more about Cardiovascular Research.
The training program provides an opportunity for continuing
education in basic sciences, including those aspects of anatomy,
physiology, pharmacology, pathology, genetics, biophysics and
biochemistry that are pertinent to cardiology, particularly
vascular biology, thrombosis and molecular biology.
See more about Related Sciences.
Related Fields of Medicine
The trainees gain knowledge and experience in a number of related
areas of medicine, and our program offers training in 9 specific
See more about Related Fields of Medicine.
Special Procedural Areas
In specific procedural areas of cardiology, minimal training is
appropriate for physicians who do not plan to achieve additional
qualifications in a given field.
See more about Special Procedural Areas.
Fellows attend conferences and participate in clinical research
throughout their training. Many conferences include guest
lecturers and give fellows the opportunity for in-depth
discussions with leaders in the cardiology field.
Learn more about conferences.