What is Macular Degeneration? | MedStar Health

Our providers manage all types of retinal disorders in addition to macular degeneration. The retina is a thin sheet of nerve tissue in the back of the eye where light rays are focused and transmitted to the brain. Problems with the retina—including retinal tear and detachment, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, infection, and trauma—can lead to vision loss and blindness. Early detection and treatment are critical in correcting problems before vision is lost or preventing further deterioration from occurring.

Macular degeneration

The macula is a part of the retina in the back of the eye that ensures that our central vision is clear and sharp. Macular degeneration causes a progressive loss of vision. It is the number-one cause of blindness in the U.S.

There are two kinds of macular degeneration: "wet" and “dry.” The “wet” form can be treated in its early stages. Regular eye exams are highly recommended to detect macular degeneration early and prevent permanent vision loss.

Symptoms often associated with macular degeneration include:
  • A gradual loss of ability to see objects clearly

  • A gradual loss of color vision

  • Distorted vision

  • A dark or empty area appearing in the center of vision

How is macular degeneration treated?

In many cases, we can treat macular degeneration with a series of eye injections to prevent further vision loss. 

Macular Degeneration

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Macular degeneration, commonly referred to as ARMD or age-related macular degeneration, is the leading cause of blindness in some countries.

Our providers

Ophthalmologist with female patient during an examination in modern clinic

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