Dr. Groah is Director of the SCI Rehabilitation and Recovery Program and Director of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Research at MedStar NRH, and Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine at Georgetown University. She served on the Board of Directors of the American Spinal Injury Association from 2010-2016, was from 2017 has served as an Officer of the organization. She has a subspecialty certification in SCI Medicine from the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and was a writer for the SCI Subspecialty Examination from 2006-2015. Dr. Groah has had continual research funding since 2003, was the Project Director of two RRTC’s on Secondary Conditions after SCI (2003-2016), National Capital SCI Model System (2006-2011), and is currently Project Director of the RRTC on Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction and the National Capital Spinal Cord Injury Model System, both designated centers of excellence. She also has had funding by the Craig H. Neilsen Foundation and the Department of Defense. She is an Associate Editor of the advanced SCI text, Spinal Cord Injury Medicine, published in 2019, and serves as the co-Editor-in-Chief of the journal, Topics in SCI Rehabilitation. She was Co-Chair of the PVA Consortium Guideline on Carbohydrate and Lipid Disorders after SCI and was an expert panel member for the PVA Consortium Guideline on Bladder Management. She has published more than 50 peer-reviewed articles. After completing residency in PM&R at the Medical College of Virginia, Dr. Groah completed two fellowships (Aging with SCI research and clinical Neurorehabilitation), both at Craig Hospital. She received her MSPH from the University of Colorado at the same time.
Clinical areas of focus
- Botox For Spasticity
- Multiple Sclerosis Ms Rehabilitation
- Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
- Stroke Rehabilitation
Conditions and procedures
Conditions I treat
- Back Muscle Injury
- Back Pain
- Brain Injury
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Cts
- Cervical Radiculopathy
- Musculoskeletal Pain
- Neck Pain
- Neck Sprain
- Peripheral Neuropathy
- Repetitive Stress Injury
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Rotator Cuff Injury
- Shoulder Instability
- Sports Related Injury
- Stress Fractures
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Procedures I perform
- Balance Rehabilitation
- Botox For Spasticity
- Gait Analysis
- Joint Injection
- Multiple Sclerosis Ms Rehabilitation
- Musculoskeletal Ultrasound
- Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
- Sports Injury Rehabilitation
- Stroke Rehabilitation
MedStar Medical Group accepts most major health insurance plans. If you are uncertain as to whether your individual health insurance plan is accepted at MedStar Medical Group, please call your insurance company.
List of insurance plans we accept
- Aetna Elect Choice/ EPO (Aetna Health Fund) Innovation Health: Network Only Plus
- Aetna Quality Point of Service (POS)
- Aetna USAccess (POS)
- Aetna Student Health Insurance
- Aetna Medicare Advantage HMO & PPO Plans
- CFBCBS BlueChoice HMO
- CFBCBS Blue Choice Opt Out Plus Open Access (POS)
- CFBCBS Maryland Point of Service Plan (MPOS)
- CFBCBS Federal Employee Program (Std. & Basic PPO)
- CFBCBS Maryland Indemnity or PPO
- CFBCBS (NCA) Indemnity
- CIGNA HMO & Network (HMO)
- CIGNA POS/Network POS
- Great-West Healthcare POS/CIGNA
- CIGNA Indemnity
- Coventry Health Care of Virginia
- Coventry of Delaware HMO/PPO
- First Health PPO
- FIRST HEALTH
- Tricare Prime
- Tricare Standard
- Tricare Extra (Indemnity)
- Tricare for Life (Medicare Supplemental Plan)
- MedStar Family Choice - Maryland Health Choice
- MedStar Select (MedStar Associates' Plan)
- MedStar Medicare Choice
- United Healthcare Select HMO - EPO/NPP
- United Healthcare Select Plus (POS)
- United Healthcare Choice Plus
- United Student Resources
- M.D. IPA (HMO)
- M.D. IPA Preferred (POS)
- Optimum Choice Preferred (POS) & OCI Direct (HMO)
- Mamsi Life & Health (Indem./PPO)
- Aetna Worker's Compensation Network
- Coventry Health Care National Network PPO
- Private Health Care Systems (PHCS) (PPO)
- United Healthcare Options (PPO) (includes Empire PPO, GEHA, Compass Rose)
- OneNet PPO, Inc.
- United Healthcare Choice
- United Healthcare Core Essential (HMO)
- Optimum Choice
- United Healthcare Navigate
- United Healthcare Compass (HMO)
- CIGNA HMO Open Access (OA)
- Network OA
- POS OA & OA Plus
- CIGNA EPO
- PPO and PPO Plus
- Choice Fund PPO
- CFBSBC Blue Preferred PPO
- HealthyBlue PPO
- CFBCBS Blue Choice Opt Out Open Access
- BlueChoice Open Access
- Blue Choice Advantage & Healthy Blue (HMO, POS)
- Aetna Traditional Choice (PPO)
- Innovation Health: Indemnity
- Aetna Open Choice (PPO)
- Innovation Health: PPO
- Aetna Managed Choice (POS)
- Innovation Health: POS Plus
- Aetna Elect Choice/ Open Access (POS)
- Innovation Health: Open Network Only Plus
- Aetna HMO-Open Access/Select OA/HealthFund/Health Network Option OA
- Innovation Health: POS
- Open HMO
- Opoen HMO Option
- Open EPO Plus
- Aetna Managed Choice Open Access (POS)
- Choice POS & Choice POS II
- Innovation Health: Open POS Plus
- Open POS II
- Aetna HMO
- Select HMO/HealthFund/Health Network
- Aetna Innovations: HMO & EPO Plus
Board Certification: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spinal Cord Injury Medicine
Board Certification: American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Fellowship Program: Craig Hospital (1999)
Fellowship Program: University of Colorado Hospital Denver (1999)
Graduate Education: University of Colorado (1999)
Residency Program: Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center (1996)
Internship Program: Riverside Regional Medical Center (1993)
Medical School: Virginia Commonwealth University (1992)
- John W Goldschmidt Excellence in Rehabilitation Award (2018) Susan Carter Lecture Award
- MedStar National Rehabilitation Hospital (2016) Gail F. Beach Visiting Lecturer
- University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis (2015)
- Virginia Commonwealth University/Medical College of Virginia Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Annual Alumni Award and Lecture
News and publications
Dr. Groah is the Project Director of the prestigious Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems grant.
Groah SL, Tractenberg RE, Frost JK, Rounds AM, Ljungberg IH. Independence of urinary symptoms and urinary dipstick results in voiders with neurogenic bladder. Top in SCI Rehabil 2021 (in press).
Groah SL, Pham C, Rounds AK, Semel J. COVID patients benefit from inpatient rehabilitation. PMR Journal 2021 (in press). Available online in advance http://doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12645
Tractenberg RE, Frost JK, Yumoto F, Rounds AK, Ljungberg IH, Groah SL. Reliability of the Urinary Symptom Questionnaires for people with neurogenic bladder (USQNB) who void or use indwelling catheters. Spinal Cord 2021 (in press)
Tractenberg RE, Frost JK, Yumoto F, Rounds AK, Ljungberg IH, Groah SL. Validity of the Urinary Symptom Questionnaires for people with neurogenic bladder (USQNB) who void or use indwelling catheters. Spinal Cord 2021 (in press)
Petriello M, Groah S, Matiana S. Treatment of bilateral sacral insufficiency fractures with sacroplasty in a patient with motor complete tetraplegia. Spinal Cord Series Cases 2021 Mar 19;7(1):23. Doi: 10.1038/s41394-021-00393-7
White WD, Mansfield JT, Gosai EV, Groah SL. Vertebral insufficiency fractures as a cause of autonomic dysreflexia in a patient with chronic tetraplegia: a case report. JSCM 2020 Oct 15;1-4. Doi: 10.1080/10790268.2020.1829421
Schladen MM, Rounds AK, McManus T, Bennewith A, Claypool H, Groah SL. Intermittent catheter reimbursement in the United States: The experience of nine stakeholders through the lens of actor network theory. The Qual Report 2020;26(2).
*Tractenberg RE, *Groah SL (*co-first authors), Rounds AK, Davis L, Ljungberg I, Frost JK, Schladen MM. Clinical profiles and symptom burden estimates to support decision-making using the Urinary Symptom Questionnaire for People with Neurogenic Bladder (USQNB) using Intermittent Catheters. PMR 2021;13(3):229-240.
Forster CS, Lamanna O, Rounds AK, Sprague B, Ljungberg IH, Groah SL. The association between urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and clinical profiles of UTI risk in people with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction. Spinal Cord 2020 Sep 22. Doi: 10.1038/s413930-020-00552-x
Milligan J, Burns S, Groah SL, Howcroft J. A primary care provider’s guide to preventive health after spinal cord injury. Top SCI Rehabil 2020;26(3):209-219.
Groah SL, Ljungberg IH, Tractenberg RE, Rounds K. The impact of self-management with probiotics on urinary symptoms and the urine microbiome in individuals with spinal cord injury and spina bifida. Washington, DC: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). https://doi.org/10.25302/12.2020.AD.131008215.
Pohl HG, Groah SL, Perez-Losada M, Ljungberg IH, Sprague BM, Chandal N, Caldovic L, Hsieh M. The urine microbiome of healthy men and women differs by urine collection method. Int Neurourol J 2020;24(1):41-51.
Murray D, Chin LMK, Cowan RE, Groah SL, Keyser RE. Recovery Off-Kinetics Following Exhaustive Upper Body Exercise in Spinal Cord Injury. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2020;26(4):304-313.
Tractenberg RE*, Groah SL* (*co-first authors), Frost JK, Rounds AK, Davis E, Ljungberg IH, Schladen MM. Effects of intravesical Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG on urinary Symptom Burden in People with Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction. PMR 2020 (in press) https://doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12470
Groah SL, Rounds AK, Ljungberg IH, Sprague B, Frost J, Tractenberg RE. Intravesical Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG is Safe and Well-Tolerated in Adults and Children with Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction: First-in-Human Trial. Ther Adv Urol 2019;11:1-13
Stampas A, Khavari R, Frontera JE, Groah SL. Feasibility of Self-Administered Neuromodulation in Spinal Cord Injury Neurogenic Bladder. Int Neurourology J 2019 Sep;23(3):249-256.
Nash MS, Groah SL, Gater DR, Dyson-Hudson TA, Lieberman JA, Myers J, Sabharwal S, Taylor AJ; Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Identification and Management of Cardiometabolic Risk After Spinal Cord Injury: Clinical Practice Guideline for Health Care Providers. J Spinal Cord Med 2019;42(5):643-77.
Forster C, Hsieh MH, Perez-Losada M, Caldovic L, Pohl H, Ljungberg IH, Sprague B, Stroud C, Groah SL. A single intravesical instillation of probiotics is safe in children and adults with neuropathic bladder: A phase Ia clinical trial. JSCM 2019 May 17:1-8. Doi: 10.1080/10790268.2019.1616456
Nally E, Groah SL, Perez-Losada M, Caldovic L, Ljungberg IH, Sprague B, Castro-Nallar E, Chandal N, Hsieh M, Pohl H. Identification of Burkholderia fungorum in the urine of an individual with spinal cord injury and augmentation cystoplasty using 16s sequencing: Co-pathogen or innocent bystander? Spinal Cord Series Cases 2018 Sep 21;4:85. Doi: 10.1038/s41394-018-0115-2.
Nash MS, Groah SL, Gater DR, Dyson-Hudson TA, Lieberman JA, Myers J, Sabharwal S, Taylor AJ; Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Identification and Management of Cardiometabolic Risk After Spinal Cord Injury: Clinical Practice Guideline for Health Care Providers. Topics in SCI Rehabil 2018;24(4):379-423.
Tractenberg RE, Groah SL, Rounds MK, Ljungberg IH, Schladen MM. Preliminary validation of a Urinary Symptom Questionnaire for individuals with Neuropathic Bladder using Intermittent Catheterization (USQNB-IC): A patient-centered patient reported outcome. PLoS ONE 2018;13(7):e0197568.
Sullivan S, Nash MS, Tefara E, Tinsley E, Groah SL. The relationship between gonadal function and cardiometabolic risk in young men with chronic spinal cord injury. PMR 2018;10(4):373-381. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.08.404. Epub 2017 Aug 18. PMID: 28827206
Schladen MM, Ljungberg IH, Underwood JA, Groah SL. Exploration of the personal health record as a tool for spinal cord injury health self-management and coordination of care. Topics SCI Rehabil 2017;23(3):218-225.
Noller CM, Groah SL, Nash MS. Inflammatory stress effects on health and function after spinal cord injury. Topics SCI Rehabil 2017;23(3):207-217.
Tractenberg RE, Garver A, Ljungberg IH, Schladen MM, Groah SL Maintaining primacy of the patient perspective in the development of patient-centered patient reported outcomes. PLoS ONE 2017;12(3): e0171114. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171114
Sullivan S, Blackman M, Groah SL. Prevalence and etiology of hypogonadism in young men with chronic spinal cord injury: a cross-sectional analysis from two university-based rehabilitation centers. PMR 2017;9(8):751-760. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.11.005. Epub 2016 Nov 18. PMID: 27871967
Nash, MS, Tractenberg RE, Mendez AJ, David M, Ljungberg IH, Tinsley EA, Burns PA, Betancourt LF, Groah SL. Cardiometabolic Syndrome in People with Spinal Cord Injury/Disease: Guideline-derived and Non-Guideline Risk Components in a Pooled Sample. Arch Phys Med Rehabil SCI Model Systems Special Edition 2016;97(10):1696-705
Mishori R, Groah SL, Otubu O, Raffoul M, Stolarz K. Improving your care of patients with spinal cord injury/disease. J Fam Prac 2016;65(5)302-9.
Groah SL, Perez-Losada M, Caldovic L, Ljungberg IH, Sprague B, Castro-Nallar E, Chandal N, Hsieh M, Pohl H. Redefining healthy urine: a cross-sectional exploratory metagenomic study of people with and without bladder dysfunction. J Urol 2016;196(2):579-87.
DeJong G, Groah SL. Advancing Spinal Cord Injury Health Care to Avert Rehospitalization (an Invited Commentary). J Spinal Cord Med 2015 Nov;38(6):696-9.
Groah SL, Schladen M, Pineda CG, Hsieh CH. Prevention of pressure ulcers among people with spinal cord injury: a systematic review. PMR 2015;7:613-636.
Schladen MMS, Groah SL. State of the science on cardiometabolic risk after spinal cord injury: recap of the 2013 ASIA Pre-Conference on cardiometabolic disease. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2014;20(2):105-112.
Gilbert O, Croffoot JR, Taylor AJ, Nash MS, Schomer K, Groah SL. Serum lipid concentrations among persons with spinal cord injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. Atherosclerosis 2014;232(2):305-12.
Groah SL, Ljungberg IH, Lichy A, Oyster M, Boninger ML. Disparities in wheelchair procurement by payer among people with spinal cord injury. PMR;(6)2014:412-417. DOI 10.1016/j.pmrj.2013.11.004. [Selected as CME Article]
Libin A, Tinsley EA, Nash MS, Mendez AJ, Burns P, Elrod M, Hamm LF, Groah SL. Cardiometabolic risk clustering in spinal cord injury: results of exploratory factor analysis. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2013;19(3):183-94.
Ibrahim VM, Groah SL, Libin A, Ljungberg IH, Aufiero D, Patel K, Sampson S. Use of platelet rich plasma for the treatment of bicipital tendinopathy in spinal cord injury: a pilot study. Br J Sports Med 2013;47:e2doi.10.1136/bjsports-2013-092459.39 (abstract).
Tian W, Hsieh CH, DeJong G, Backus D, Groah SL, Ballard P. The role of body weight in therapy participation and rehabilitation outcomes among individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013;94(4 Suppl 2);S125-36.
Oyster ML, Smith IJ, Kirby RL, Cooper RA, Groah SL, Pedersen JP, Boninger ML. Wheelchair skill performance of manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2012;18(2):138-9.
Hsieh CH, DeJong G, Groah SL, Ballard PH, Horn SD, Tian W. Comparing rehabilitation services and outcomes between older and younger people with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2012;94(4 Suppl 2);S175-86.
Fouts DE, Pieper R, Szpakowski S, Pohl H, Knoblach S, Suh MJ, Huang ST, Ljungberg I, Sprague B, Lucas SK, Torralba M, Nelson KE, Groah SL. Integrated next-generation sequencing of 16S rDNA and metaproteomics differentiate the healthy urine microbiome from asymptomatic bacteriuria in neuropathic bladder associated with spinal cord injury. J Transl Med 2012;10:174 (doi:10.1186/1479-5876-10-174)
Silver J, Ljungberg I, Libin A, Groah S. Barriers for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury Returning to the Community: A Preliminary Classification. J Disability Health 2012; 5(3):190-6.
Hosier H, Groah SL, Libin AV, Ward E, Burns P, Nash MS. Cardiometabolic risk profiles in pre- versus postmenopausal women with spinal cord injury: Preliminary findings. Topics Spinal Cord Injury Rehabil Topics SCI Rehabil 2012;18(4):322-30.
Kroll T, Kratz A, Kehn M, Jensen MP, Groah SL, Ljungberg IH, Molton IR, Bombardier C. Perceived Exercise Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Exercise Behavior in Individuals Aging with Spinal Cord Injury. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2012;92(8):640-51.
Boninger ML, Brienza D, Charlifue S, Y-Y Chen, Curley KC, Graves DE, Groah SL, Heinmann AW, Hudson LM, Jackson AB, Johnson KL, Kalpakjian CZ, Kusiak A, Larson KE, Agustin TS, Sherwood AM, Shinowara N, Stripling T, Tate D. State of the science conference in spinal cord injury rehabilitation 2011: introduction. Spinal Cord 2012;50:342-43.
Jensen MP, Molton IR, Groah SL, Campbell M, Charlifue S, Chiodo A, Forchheimer M, Krause JS, Tate D. Secondary health conditions in individuals aging with SCI: Terminology, concepts and analytic approaches. Spinal Cord 2012;50:373-8.
Heinemann AW, Steeves JD, Boninger M, Groah SL, Sherwood AM. State of the science in spinal cord injury rehabilitation 2011: informing a new research agenda. Spinal Cord 2012;50:390-7.
Lichy AM, Groah SL. Asymmetric lower limb bone loss after spinal cord injury: a case report. JRRD 2012;49(2):221-6.
Ibrahim VM, Groah SL, Libin A, Ljungberg IH. Use of platelet rich plasma for the treatment of bicipital tendinopathy in spinal cord injury: a pilot study. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2012;18(1):77-8.
Groah SL, Charlifue S, Tate D, Jensen MP, Molton IR, Forchheimer M, Krause JS, Lammertse DP, Campbell M. Spinal cord injury and aging: Challenges and recommendations for future research. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2012;91(1):80-93.
Anderson KD, Acuff ME, Arp BG, Backus D, Chun S, Fisher K, Fjerstad JE, Graves DE, Greenwald K, Groah SL, Harkema SJ, Horton JA 3rd, Huang MN, Jennings M, Kelley KS, Kessler SM, Kirshblum S, Koltenuk S, Linke M, Ljungberg I, Nagy J, Nicolini L, Roach MJ, Salles S, Scelza WM, Read MS, Reeves RK, Scott MD, Tansey KE, Theis JL, Tolfo CA, Whitney M, Williams CD, Winter CM, Zanca JM. United States (US) multi-center study to assess the validity and reliability of the spinal cord independence measure (SCIM III). Spinal Cord 2011;49(8):880-5
Groah SL, Nash MS, Ward EA, Libin A, Mendez AJ, Burns P, Elrod M, Hamm L. Cardiometabolic risk in community-dwelling persons with chronic spinal cord injury. J Cardiopulm Rehabil 2011;31(2):73-80.
Groah SL, Libin A, Spungen M, Nguyen KL, Woods E, Nabil M, Ramella-Roman J, Barritault D. Regenerating matrix-based therapy for chronic wound healing: a prospective within-subject pilot study. Int Wound J 2011;8(1):85-95.
Groah SL, Lichy AM, Libin A, Ljungberg I. Intensive electrical stimulation attenuates femoral bone loss in acute spinal cord injury. PMR 2010;DOI 10.1016/j.pmrj.2010.08.003:p1080-87. [Selected as CME Article]
Groah SL, Hosier H, Ward EA, Nash MS, Libin A, Taylor A. Cardiometabolic risk clustering and atherosclerosis: Is there a link in spinal cord injury? Topics SCI Rehabilitation 16:3, Winter 2011;1-13.
Groah SL, Ramella-Roman J, Libin A, Schladen MM, Lichy A. Skin microvascular and metabolic response to sitting and pressure relief maneuvers in people with spinal cord injury. Topics SCI Rehabilitation 16:3, Winter 2011;33-45.
Ramella-Roman J, Basiri A, Hidler J, Ljungberg I, Groah SL. Autonomic dysreflexia in spinal cord injury: its role in altering skin perfusion and oxygenation. Topics SCI Rehabilitation 16:3, Winter 2011;46-57.
Pineda C, Schladen MM, Ljungberg I, Triyono B, Groah SL. Clinical skills development using on-line problem-based learning for assessment, management and prevention of pressure ulcers in persons with spinal cord injury. Topics SCI Rehabilitation 16:3, Winter 2011;58-69.
Schladen MM, Libin A, Ljungberg I, Triyono B, Groah SL. Toward literacy-neutral spinal cord injury information and training. Topics SCI Rehabilitation 16:3, Winter 2011;70-83.
Libin A, Schladen MM, Ljungberg I, Triyono B, Jacobs S, Reinauer K, Minnick S, Spungen M, Groah SL. YouTube as on on-line disability self-management tool in persons with spinal cord injury. Topics SCI Rehabilitation 16:3, Winter 2011;84-92.
Basiri A, Nabili M, Mathews S, Libin A, Groah S, Noordmans HJ, Ramella-Roman JC. Use of a multi-spectral camera in the characterization of skin wounds. Virtual J Biomed Optics 2010;5(5): Mar 17, 2010.
Groah SL, Kehn ME. The state of aging and public health for people with spinal cord injury: lost in transition? Topics in SCI Rehabilitation 2010;15(3):1-10.
Basiri A, Nabili M, Mathews S, Libin A, Groah S, Noordmans HJ, Ramella-Roman JC. Use of a multi-spectral camera in the characterization of skin wounds. Optics Express 2010;18(4):3244-3257.
Libin A, Spungen MI, Hsieh CH, Lichy A, Groah S. Rehabilitation after rotator cuff surgery in spinal cord injury: exploring consumer experiences. SCI Psychosocial Process 2009;22:16-22.
Spungen MI, Libin A, Ljungberg, Groah S. Self-efficacy mediating the occurrence of secondary conditions after spinal cord injury. SCI Psychosocial Process 2009;22:7-10.
Groah SL, Libin A, Lauderdale M, Kroll T, DeJong G, Hsieh J. Beyond the evidence-based practice paradigm to achieve best practice in rehabilitation medicine: a clinical review. Phys Med Rehabil J 2009;1:941-950.
Halstead LS, Groah SL, Libin A, Hamm LF, Priestley L. The effects of an anabolic agent on body composition and pulmonary function in tetraplegia: a pilot study. Spinal Cord Advance Online Publication DOI 10.1038/sc.2009.82.
Libin A, Lauderdale M, Millo Y, Shamloo C, Spencer R, Green B, Donnellan J, Wellesley C, Groah S. Role-playing simulation as an educational tool for health care personnel: developing an embedded assessment framework. CyberPsych Behav 2009;13(2):217-224.
Groah S, Nash MS, Ljungberg IH, Libin A, Hamm LF, Ward E, Burns PA, Enfield G. Nutrient intake and body habitus after spinal cord injury: An analysis by sex and level of injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 2009;32:17-25.
Feasel S, Groah S. The impact of diet on cardiovascular disease risk in individuals with spinal cord injury. Topics in SCI Rehabilitation 2009;Winter 14(3):58-68.
Groah S, Spungen M, Bauman W. Cardiovascular disease in individuals with spinal cord injury: toward best practice. Topics in SCI Rehabilitation 2009;Winter 14(3): 84-98.
Kroll T, Groah S, Neri M, Gilmore B. Consumer-directed teaching of health care professionals involved in the care of people with spinal cord injury: The Consumer Professional Partnership Program (CPPP). J Cont Educ Nurs 2008;39(5):228-34.
Hidler J, Hamm L, Lichy A, Groah S. Automating activity-based interventions: the role of robotics. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 2008;45(2):337-44.
Lewis J, Nash MS, Hamm LF, Martins SC, Groah SL. The relationship between perceived exertion and physiological indicators of stress during graded arm exercise in persons with spinal cord injuries. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2007;88(9):1205-11.
Kroll, T, Groah, S., Gilmore, B. Neri, M., Elrod, M., Libin, A.
First experiences with the Consumer Professional Partnership Program
(CPPP): Involving people with spinal cord injury in the education of
rehabilitation professionals. International Journal of Therapy and
Rehabilitation. Int J Ther Rehabil 2007;14(7):299.
Kroll T, Kehn M, Ho P-S, Groah S. The spinal cord injury exercise self-efficacy scale (ESES): Development and psychometric properties. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Activity 2007 Aug 30;4:34.
Nash MS, Gintel SL, Mendez AJ, Ham LF, Lewis JE, Groah SL. Elevated CRP and vascular disease after SCI: inflammatory epiphenomenon or pathologic agent? J Spinal Cord Med 2006;29(3):252
Groah SL, Lammertse DP. Factors associated with survival after bladder cancer in spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2003 Winter:26(4):339-44.
Kirshblum S, Groah S, McKinley W, Stiens S, Gittler M. Spinal cord injury medicine: Etiology, classification, and acute medical management. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2002;83(3)Suppl 1:S50-S57.
McKinley W, Gittler M, Kirshblum S, Stiens S, Groah S. Spinal cord injury medicine. Medical complications after spinal cord injury: Identification and management. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2002;83(3)Suppl 1:S58-S64.
Gittler M, McKinley W, Groah S, Kirshblum S, Stiens S. Spinal cord injury medicine: Rehabilitation outcomes. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2002;83(3)Suppl 1:S65-S71.
Stiens S, Groah S, Gittler M, McKinley W. Kirshblum S. Spinal cord injury medicine. Optimal participation in life after spinal cord injury: Physical, psychosocial, and economic reintegration into the environment. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2002;83(3)Suppl 1:S72-S81.
Groah S, Kirshblum S, Stiens S, Gittler M, McKinley W. Spinal cord injury medicine. Preserving wellness and independence of the aging patient with spinal cord injury: A primary care approach for the rehabilitation medicine specialist. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2002;83(3)Suppl 1:S82-S89.
Groah S, Weitzenkamp D, Lezotte D, Whiteneck G, Hamman R. Excess risk of bladder cancer in spinal cord injury: Evidence for an association between indwelling catheter use and bladder cancer. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2002;83(3):346-51.
Yung J, Groah S. Crohn’s disease in the acute spinal cord injury patient: Diagnostic challenges in the rehabilitation setting. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2001;82(9):1274-8.
Groah S, Weitzenkamp D, Sett P, Soni B, Savic G. The relationship
between neurologic level of injury and symptomatic cardiovascular disease risk in the aging spinal injured. Spinal Cord 2001;39(6):310-317.
Groah S, Menter R. Long-term cardiac ischemia leading to coronary
artery bypass grafting in a tetraplegic person. Archives of Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation 1998;79:1129-32.
Groah S, Charlifue S, Weitzenkamp D, Whiteneck G. The risk of
coronary heart disease in the aging spinal cord injured. Archives of
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 1997;78:1026.
Groah S, Cifu D. The rehabilitative management of the traumatic brain
injured polytrauma patient with associated femoral neuropathy.
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 1995;76:480-484.