Nerve Damage | Symptoms & Treatment | MedStar Health

Nerve damage is a broad category that includes any injury or trauma that has occurred to the body's nerves. Certain conditions can also cause nerve damage, including:

  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Motor neuron diseases, like Lou Gehrig's disease
  • Nutritional deficiencies, including lack of B6 and B12 vitamins
  • Infectious disease
  • Medication side effects



Symptoms of nerve damage include:

  • Weakness
  • Pain
  • Twitching
  • Tingling or burning pain
  • Inability to sense pain

A physician will want to conduct a thorough examination, including a full medical and family history and neurological exam to assess nerve function. He or she may also recommend the following diagnostic tests to better assess the origin of the damage:

  • Nerve conduction tests, to ascertain how the nerves react to different kinds of stimuli.
  • EMG test, a test of the electrical activity of the nerves.
  • Nerve biopsy


Depending on the cause, a treatment plan may include one or more of the following:

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Getting the care you need starts with seeing one of our neurology specialists.