What Is Cardiopulmonary Disease? | MedStar Health

Types and signs of conditions that affect the heart and lungs

The term cardiopulmonary disease describes a range of conditions that affect the heart and lungs. These organs are closely connected, and a problem in one can spill over to the other. For example, when the heart is not able to pump blood efficiently, normal oxygen movement in the lungs is reduced, causing shortness of breath. On the other hand, a problem with the lungs can cause the heart to have to work harder to get oxygen from the lungs into the blood.

Common cardiopulmonary diseases include:

You may benefit from rehabilitation if you have experienced a recent heart attack, had a heart surgery, or have a lung condition such as COPD. It may help you reduce symptoms, halt or slow progression of your condition, and improve your quality of life.


Signs of cardiopulmonary disease can vary widely depending on the specific condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Bluish skin on the hands or feet

  • Chest pain that may radiate to the arms or jaw, especially during or after physical activity.

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness

  • High blood pressure

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Shortness of breath

  • Sudden sweating

  • Wheezing


Cardiopulmonary treatment options depend on your specific condition and may include lifestyle modifications, medication, or more advanced treatments.

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