Infective Endocarditis Treatment & Surgery | MedStar Health

Surgery to remove infection in the heart tissue and valves

Endocarditis is an infection of the heart tissue that can cause serious complications, such as valve damage. If the infection is persistent or causes damage, your doctor may recommend surgery to repair or replace damaged valves in addition to the traditional antibiotic treatment.

Our structural heart and valvular disease program brings together surgeons, cardiologists, and imaging specialists to analyze and treat patients with complicated heart and valve conditions.

What to expect during infective endocarditis surgery

You will be admitted to the hospital, and an IV will be inserted in your hand or arm to provide fluids, medication and a sedative to help you relax. We’ll ask you to lie on your back on a procedure table. We may use imaging techniques such as X-ray and transesophageal echocardiogram to monitor you during the procedure.

Your doctor will surgically remove the infected heart tissue and evaluate the function of the heart valves. If a heart valve is not functioning normally, your doctor may recommend repairing or replacing it. Valves that may be affected by endocarditis include:

After surgery, your doctor likely will prescribe antibiotics to minimize the risk of recurring infection.



Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of the heart chambers or valves. It occurs when bacteria in the bloodstream attach to damaged areas of the heart.


Chest X-ray

Chest X-rays use a small dose of radiation to create pictures of the structures inside the chest, including the lungs, heart, and chest wall.

Computerized tomography (CT) scan

The cardiac computed tomography scan, or cardiac CT, uses X-rays to create three-dimensional images of your heart and blood vessels.


An echocardiogram uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of your heart.

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

An electrocardiogram, also known as an ECG, measures the heart’s electrical activity.

Our locations

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MedStar Union Memorial Hospital

201 E. University Pkwy.
Baltimore, MD 21218

MedStar Washington Hospital Center

110 Irving St. NW
Washington, DC 20010

Ask MedStar Heart & Vascular Institute

Have general questions for our heart and vascular program? Email us at If you have clinically-specific questions, please contact your physician’s office.