Testicular Cancer Treatment | MedStar Health

Treatment options


What are the testicular cancer treatment options?

When found early, testicular cancer is almost always curable. At MedStar Health, we offer comprehensive and individualized treatment through access to a team of specialists in urology, surgery, radiation oncology, medical oncology, and more. Your treatment will depend on the type and stage of the cancer, your age, general health, preferences, and other factors.


Testicular Cancer

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Testicular cancer develops in the germ cells of one or both testicles and forms a tumor.


Surgery is typically the most common testicular cancer treatment option for all stages of this disease. However, the type of surgery most appropriate for you will vary based on how advanced your cancer is. Your urologic surgeon will discuss the pros and cons of your options so you can feel confident in your treatment decision.

For early testicular cancers that have not spread, we generally recommend a radical orchiectomy. This procedure involves removing the testicle containing the tumor through an incision in the groin. For most men, the surgery does not impact fertility, sexual function, or testosterone production. Men can elect to receive a silicone prosthetic that mimics the natural appearance of the removed testicle; this is a personal decision you can discuss with your doctor. Because the procedure allows for complete tumor removal in early stages, many men won't need additional treatment.

If cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in your abdomen, you may benefit from a retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND). This minimally invasive procedure is often offered through robotic-assisted surgery, which involves smaller incisions that lead to a faster recovery. Because our urologic surgeons are highly experienced in performing these procedures using techniques that spare nerves, most men experience no impact on their ability to have kids. It's a highly-effective surgical treatment and may be combined with chemotherapy or radiation therapy to treat even the most advanced cancers.

Learn More About Robotic Surgery


Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer. These medications can be used to kill any potential cancer cells that may remain in the body after surgery. This is known as "adjuvant therapy."

Chemotherapy may be given by mouth or intravenously injected into a muscle or a blood vessel. Chemotherapy is a systemic therapy, meaning that drugs travel through the bloodstream. In combination with surgery, chemotherapy is often highly effective in curing testicular cancer, even in advanced stages.

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Immunotherapy and targeted therapy

Targeted therapies and immunotherapy drugs are emerging as promising cancer treatment options for many other types of cancer. We are still investigating the effectiveness of these therapies in treating testicular tumors that have not responded to other well-established standard treatments.

Learn More About Targeted Therapy

Learn More About Immunotherapy


Dr Andrew Satinsky and radiation technician Cierra Parker perform a scan on a patient at MedStar Southern Maryland Hospital Center.

Radiation therapy

In radiation therapy, X-rays or other high-energy rays are used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Like surgery, radiation therapy is a local treatment and affects only the cells in the treated area. Radiation therapy is usually done on an outpatient basis for advanced seminoma tumors or metastatic testicular cancer following surgery.

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Our locations

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MedStar Franklin Square Cancer Center at Loch Raven Campus

5601 Loch Raven Blvd.
Russell Morgan Building
First Floor
Baltimore, MD 21239

MedStar Georgetown Cancer Institute at MedStar St. Mary’s Hospital

25500 Point Lookout Rd.
First Fl.
Leonardtown, MD 20650

MedStar Georgetown Cancer Institute at MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center

9103 Franklin Square Dr.
The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Cancer Institute
Suite 220
Baltimore, MD 21237

Why choose us

At MedStar Health, you can expect personalized care from experts specializing in the treatment of urologic cancers, including testicular cancer. Because many of our doctors focus exclusively on caring for patients with these types of cancers, we're highly experienced in the latest technologies and advanced treatment options that lead to successful outcomes with minimal impact on your lifestyle.

Patients choose us because:

  • Our doctors are highly trained in sub-specialized fields with dedicated experience in treating urologic cancers.

    Because our urologic oncologists focus exclusively on treating these types of cancers, they are highly experienced in diagnosing and treating patients with all forms of this disease. These surgeons have extensive training and skill in performing laparoscopic and robotic-assisted procedures involving smaller incisions and less blood loss which often leads to shorter hospital stays and faster recoveries. In addition, they remain at the cusp of emerging techniques that enable them to preserve as much natural bladder function as possible so you can maintain a high quality of life.

  • Our multidisciplinary team approach ensures you have the best chance for a cure.

    Our urologic surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists are all experts in their respective fields. Still, patients benefit from our collaborative efforts to consider every possible testicular cancer treatment option together. We meet regularly to discuss complex urologic cancer cases, which offers patients the advantage of input from multiple cancer doctors. We also work alongside reconstructive surgeons, dermatologists, and other specialists, as well as specially-trained support staff, to ensure we provide customized treatment with the goal of curing your cancer with the least possible impact on your quality of life.

  • We offer comprehensive treatment options using advanced technologies and therapies that may result in faster recovery and fewer side effects.

    Our surgeons are pioneers in minimally invasive techniques and robotic-assisted technology that can effectively treat many testicular cancers with fewer complications and quicker healing than traditional surgeries. When appropriate, patients also benefit from access to a full range of advanced cancer treatments, from innovative radiation therapies to the latest cancer-fighting drugs, including those that may only be available in clinical trials.

Awards and recognition

Recipient of an Accreditation with Commendation, the highest level of approval, from the American College of Surgeons’ Commission on Cancer (CoC)

Numerous surgeons, medical oncologists, and surgical oncologists recognized as "Top Doctors" by both Baltimore Magazine and the Washingtonian

Magnet® designation from the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)

Clinical trials and research

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Clinical trials

Clinical trials evaluate new, safer ways to treat urologic malignancies and other types of cancer. Fortunately, well-established treatment options are often effective in treating testicular cancer. However, in certain instances, your doctors may recommend participating in a clinical trial if appropriate.

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A female scientist works in a clinical laboratory and looks at cells on a computer monitor.


The only National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center in the region, the Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, serves as our research engine. Through this partnership, our doctors and scientists continue investigating advances in urologic cancer prevention, detection, diagnosis, and treatment.

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A group of men talk to each other during a group therapy support session.

Support services

Because we believe in treating the "whole person", we offer a wide range of services and programs designed to help you thrive during and after treatment. From well-coordinated specialty care to personalized follow-up, we're here to address any physical, psychological, or other needs that may arise.

Learn More About Cancer Support Services

Genetic counseling

A small percentage of these cancers are linked to genetics, so if you have a family history of testicular cancer, you may benefit from meeting with a board-certified genetic counselor. Our genetic counselors can help you evaluate your cancer risk, weigh the pros and cons of genetic testing, and determine the best next steps for managing your risk.

Learn More About Genetic Counseling

Personalized rehabilitation

If cancer treatment affects your quality of life, MedStar Health patients have access to a wide range of cancer rehabilitation services, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutrition management, and more. A rehabilitation expert will work with you to customize a therapy plan to help you meet your unique goals.

Learn More About Cancer Rehabilitation


As part of your comprehensive follow-up care, we'll help you manage your risk of recurrence, manage any late effects, and help you achieve the best possible overall health. Your survivorship plan may involve regular check-ups, imaging or tumor marker tests, and/or care from experts in specialized fields, such as urinary and sexual health.

Learn More About the Cancer Survivorship Program