- Brain Cancer. Brain and spinal cord tumors result from the abnormal growth of cells inside or near the brain. Radiation therapy treatments for brain cancer include the use of external beam x-rays, gamma rays, or the CyberKnife.
- Breast Cancer. Treatment options for breast cancer include breast conservation therapy, mastectomy, external beam therapy, intraoperative radiation therapy and brachytherapy.
- Bone Cancer. Bone cancer types and treatments can vary greatly, depending on the location of the tumor, whether or not the tumor is cancerous (malignant) or benign (noncancerous), and other components. Radiation therapy can be used to treat bone cancer.
- Colorectal Cancer. Colorectal cancer is cancer of the rectum and/or colon. Radiotherapy treatment options for colorectal cancer include external beam therapy, in which high-energy x-rays beams are delivered to the tumor.
- Head and Neck Cancer. Tumors of the head and neck are often categorized as salivary gland tumors, sarcomas, lymphomas or squamous cell carcinoma. Head and neck cancer treatment options include surgery, CyberKnife treatment, intensity-modulated radiation therapy and external beam therapy.
- Lung Cancer. Lung cancer tumors result from the growth of tissue cells lining the air passages of lungs. Radiotherapy involving the use of high-energy x-rays, CyberKnife technology, external beam therapy, brachytherapy or intensity-modulated radiation therapy can be used to treat lung cancer.
- Prostate Cancer. Prostate cancer treatments include surgery, brachytherapy, proton beam therapy, cryotherapy, CyberKnife prostate treatment, image-guided radiation therapy and external beam radiation.
- Skin Cancer. Skin cancer results from the abnormal growth of skin cells. Radiation therapy treatment options for skin cancer include x-ray beams and skin brachytherapy.
Radiation treatments for each cancer type differ and are dependent on factors including the stage of cancer, area in which the cancer originated and the rate of tumor growth.