Prostate Cancer | Treatment Program Options | MedStar Health

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men, with nearly one in six developing the disease at some point in their lives. Thankfully, most men are diagnosed early, with a range of safe and effective treatments offering an excellent prognosis.

MedStar Health—a leader in innovative and compassionate patient care—is actively working to make a difference for current and future prostate patients, both locally and across the nation. We provide the best approach for your unique needs, through the region’s largest and most comprehensive prostate cancer program. That means using the least invasive therapy possible to achieve the best outcome and the fewest side effects. We welcome the chance to help you with an initial diagnosis or offer a second opinion.

Prostate cancer programs at MedStar health

Every prostate cancer case is unique, and we help you choose the best option. We offer patients the most complete array of advanced therapies available anywhere in the area. This specialized center also conducts research to improve today's care and find tomorrow's cure.

Our program offers:

  • Unmatched experience: Our robot-assisted surgery offers a range of benefits and is performed by some of the area’s most experienced surgeons. We have performed more than 800 CyberKnife procedures and were the first mid-Atlantic hospital to adopt the system

  • Precise diagnosis: In addition to the standard diagnostic tools, we’re one of the few centers in the region to offer the UroNav system for biospies. Our doctors not only sample tissue with ultrasound guidance, but also incorporate MRI images taken before the procedure. This improves clarity and accuracy, reducing the need for additional biopsies

  • Careful treatments: While stopping the cancer is always our main goal, we also strive to preserve your urinary and erectile function. We know you value your quality of life after treatment as much as your longevity, and we offer approaches like nerve-sparing surgery

    • Proton beam therapy – Uses energy from protons instead of photons, allowing high-dose radiation with no exit dose, resulting in fewer side effects than traditional radiation

  • Clinical trials and research: Our doctors and scientists are studying new, targeted therapies and novel combinations of chemotherapies, hormones, and drugs delivering radiation treatments. Clinical trials give many men access to the next generation of therapies months, and even years, before they become widely available — a benefit not available everywhere
  • Team approach: The best prostate care comes from a range of experienced specialists working together. Our team features:

    • Urologic oncologists
    • Radiation oncologists
    • Medical oncologists
    • Robotic surgeons
    • Physical therapists
    • Pathologists specializing in the urinary tract and reproductive system

Risk factors

You face a higher risk of prostate cancer if you are:

  • 50 or older
  • Closely related to others who have had the disease, or to several women who have had breast cancer (5 to 10 percent of prostate cancers are hereditary)
  • A carrier of the BRCA2 gene
  • African-American
  • Obese


In the early stages, there are no noticeable symptoms of prostate cancer. But the disease can later cause:

  • Urination problems: pain, burning, difficulty stopping or starting, weak flow and/or increased frequency
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Frequent pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs
  • Difficulty getting or maintaining erections
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Loss of appetite or weight

Other conditions such as infection or enlargement of the prostate can also cause these symptoms, so see a doctor as soon as possible.

Screening and prevention

MedStar Health offers the most advanced and accurate screening tools for prostate cancer, including PSA testing and the UroNav system for biospies.

Learn more about cancer screening at MedStar Health.

Some types of cancer can be prevented, but according to the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer is not among them. There is no sure way to prevent it, as many of the risk factors cannot be controlled, like age and ethnic origin. 

However, experts agree that maintaining a healthy lifestyle— controlling weight, eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise—may lower the risk of cancers of all types. 

Read about power foods that could prevent cancer.


MedStar Health delivers leading-edge treatment options, including:

  • Open and robotic prostatectomy with the da Vinci® Surgical System

  • CyberKnife® Robotic Radiosurgery System

  • RapidArc® with Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)

  • Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)

  • Low-dose and high-dose brachytherapy (seed therapy)

  • Chemotherapy

  • Hormone therapy

  • Radiopharmaceuticals, including Xofigo

  • Immunotherapy, including Provenge®

  • Cryosurgery

  • Clinical trials through the Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center—one of only 41 comprehensive centers nationwide and the sole site in the area to earn the National Cancer Institute’s prestigious designation

Our providers

Prostate oncologist explaining urological problems

Expert oncology care

Getting the care you need starts with seeing one of our oncologists.


MedStar Health delivers comprehensive prostate cancer services in a variety of locations, close to where you live and work.

Find a location near you.