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  • January 14, 2022

    By Allison Larson, MD

    Whether you’re a winter sports enthusiast or spend the season curled up by the fireplace, the low humidity, bitter winds, and dry indoor heat that accompany cold weather can deplete your skin’s natural moisture. Dry skin is not only painful, uncomfortable, and irritating; it also can lead to skin conditions such as eczema, which results in itchy, red, bumpy skin patches. 

    Follow these six tips to prevent and treat skin damage caused by winter dryness.

    1. Do: Wear sunscreen all year long.

    UV rays can easily penetrate cloudy skies to dry out exposed skin. And when the sun is shining, snow and ice reflect its rays, increasing UV exposure. 

    Getting a sunburn can cause severe dryness, premature aging of the skin, and skin cancer. Snow or shine, apply sunscreen before participating in any outdoor activity during the winter—especially if you take a tropical vacation to escape the cold; your skin is less accustomed to sunlight and more likely to burn quickly.

    The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommends sunscreen that offers protection against both UVA and UVB rays, and offers a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30.

    That being said, if you are considering laser skin treatments to reduce wrinkles, hair, blemishes, or acne scars, winter is a better time to receive these procedures. Sun exposure shortly after a treatment increases the risk of hyperpigmentation (darkening of the skin), and people are less likely to spend time outside during the winter.

    Related reading: 7 Simple Ways to Protect Your Skin in the Sun

    2. Do: Skip products with drying ingredients.

    Soaps or facial products you use in warm weather with no issues may irritate your skin during colder seasons. This is because they contain ingredients that can cause dryness, but the effects aren’t noticeable until they’re worsened by the dry winter climate.

    You may need to take a break from:

    • Anti-acne medications containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid
    • Antibacterial and detergent-based soap
    • Anything containing fragrance, from soap to hand sanitizer

    Hand washing and the use of hand sanitizer, which contains a high level of skin-drying alcohol, cannot be avoided; we need to maintain good hand hygiene to stop the spread of germs. If your job or lifestyle requires frequent hand washing or sanitizing, routinely apply hand cream throughout the day as well.

    During the COVID-19 pandemic, I have seen a lot of people develop hand dermatitis—a condition with itchy, burning skin that can swell and blister—due to constant hand washing. Sometimes the fix is as simple as changing the soap they're using. Sensitive-skin soap is the best product for dry skin; it typically foams up less but still cleans the skin efficiently.

    3. Do: Pay closer attention to thick skin.

    Areas of thin skin, such as the face and backs of your hands, are usually exposed to the wind and sun the most. It’s easy to tell when they start drying out. But the thick skin on your palms and bottoms of your feet is also prone to dryness—and tends to receive less attention.

    When thick skin gets dry, fissures form. You’ll see the surface turn white and scaly; then deep, linear cracks will appear. It isn’t as pliable as thin skin. When you’re constantly on your feet or using your hands to work, cook, and everything in between, dry thick skin cracks instead of flexing with your movements. 

    To soften cracked skin, gently massage a heavy-duty moisturizer—such as Vaseline—into the affected area once or twice a day. You can also talk with your doctor about using a skin-safe adhesive to close the fissures and help them heal faster.

    Related reading:  Follow these 5 Tips for Healthy Skin

    4. Don’t believe the myth that drinking more water will fix dry skin.

    Contrary to popular belief, the amount of water or fluids you drink does not play a major role in skin hydration—unless you’re severely dehydrated. In the winter, especially, dry skin is caused by external elements; it should be treated from the outside as well. 

    The best way to keep skin hydrated and healthy is to apply fragrance-free cream or ointment—not lotion—to damp skin after a shower or bath.
    Some people need additional moisturizers for their hands, legs, or other areas prone to dryness.

    While some lotions are made better than others, most are a combination of water and powder that evaporates quickly. Creams and ointments work better because they contain ingredients that can help rebuild your skin barrier. 

    Look for products with ceramide, a fatty acid that helps rebuild the fat and protein barrier that holds your skin cells together. The AAD also recommends moisturizing ingredients such as:

    • Dimethicone
    • Glycerin
    • Jojoba oil
    • Lanolin
    • Mineral oil
    • Petrolatum
    • Shea butter

    For severely dry skin, you can try a “wet wrap” technique:

    1. Rinse a pair of tight-fitting pajamas in warm water and wring them out so they’re damp, not wet.
    2. Apply cream or ointment to your skin.
    3. Put on the damp pajamas, followed by a pair of dry pajamas, and wear the ensemble for several hours.

    Dampness makes your skin more permeable and better able to absorb hydrating products. If the wet wrap or over-the-counter products aren’t working for you, talk with a dermatologist about prescription skin hydration options. 

    Drinking more water isn’t the answer to dry winter skin. The best solution is to apply fragrance-free cream or ointment directly to damp skin. Get more cold weather #SkinCareTips from a dermatologist in this blog:
    Click to Tweet


    5. Don’t confuse skin conditions with dryness.

    Skin conditions are often mistaken for dry skin because peeling or flaking are common symptoms. Redness of the skin or itching in addition to dryness and flaking indicates a skin condition that may need more than an over-the-counter moisturizer.

    Skin cells are anchored together by a lipid and protein layer (like a brick and mortar wall). With very dry skin, the seal on this wall or barrier is not fully intact and water evaporates out of the skin’s surface. The skin will become itchy and red in addition to scaly or flaky. If you experience these symptoms, visit with a dermatologist.

    6. Don’t wait for symptoms to take care of dry skin.

    Be proactive—the best way to maintain moisture is to apply hydrating creams and ointments directly to your skin on a regular basis. Start by applying them as part of your morning routine. Once you get used to that, add a nighttime application. And carry a container of it when you’re on the go or keep it in an easily accessible location at work.


    You can’t avoid dry air, but you can take precautions to reduce its harsh effects on your skin. If over-the-counter products don’t seem to help, our dermatologists can provide an individualized treatment plan. Hydrated skin is healthy skin!

    Does your skin get drier as the air gets colder?

    Our dermatologists can help.

    Call 202-877-DOCS (3627) or Request an Appointment

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  • September 10, 2021

    By Ebony R. Hoskins, MD

    Ovarian cancer rates have declined in recent decades, but in the United States this year over 21,000 women are expected to be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and nearly 14,000 women will die from it.

    The sooner ovarian cancer is detected, the sooner  it can be treated. Common symptoms of ovarian cancer include:

    • Abdominal pain and bloating
    • A feeling of fullness
    • Trouble with or frequent urination

    Unfortunately, the most common symptoms of ovarian cancer mimic those of common conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome or urinary tract infections, menstrual periods, or even just the day-to-day body fluctuations we experience. 

    If you experience symptoms for two weeks or longer, it’s time to seek care. Some women experience more unusual symptoms, such as:

    • Back pain
    • Constipation
    • Gas and indigestion
    • Lack of appetite
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Reflux symptoms, including chest pain or heartburn

    The more in tune you are with your body, the faster you can tell when something is off. It also helps to know your risk factors. I’ll share the most common ones and then discuss your best next steps if you think something is not right.

    Risk factors for ovarian cancer.

    Nearly 94% of patients live longer than five years when they receive an early diagnosis. While there currently are no reliable screening tests to detect ovarian cancer, risk factors include:
    • Being age 60 or older
    • Having a family history of breast or ovarian cancer
    • Having children later in life or never having a full-term pregnancy
    • Taking hormone therapy after menopause
    Symptoms of #OvarianCancer range from abdominal bloating to back and chest pain. The better you know your body, the faster you can tell when something is off. @drebonyhoskins discusses when to seek care:
    Click to Tweet

    Notice symptoms? Here are your next steps.

    After two weeks of symptoms, make an appointment with your primary care provider or gynecologist to rule out less serious conditions. If your body doesn’t feel right and you are not satisfied with your provider’s initial evaluation, seek a second opinion. Remember, nobody knows what’s normal for your body better than you.

    To test for ovarian cancer, you’ll likely have a pelvic ultrasound to check your ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus for cysts or an abnormal tissue mass (also called a tumor or neoplasm). Ovarian cysts and tumors can be, and often are, benign (noncancerous).

    If you are signed up for myMedStar electronic medical records, you might see your ultrasound results before your doctor reviews and evaluates them. This is because of the new ONC Cures Act Final Rule, which requires health care providers to give you access to all of your electronic health information. If this happens, you’ll probably see some confusing terminology. Please do not use Google to self-diagnose—ask your provider questions instead.

    If the ultrasound detects abnormalities, your doctor might request a CT scan of your abdomen or pelvis for a better view. If they suspect cancer based on the size or shape of any tumors, they’ll refer you to a gynecologic oncologist—like me. My patients have better results when their primary care provider has already examined and referred them to me because we can begin treatment right away.

    Identifying, staging, and treating ovarian cancer.

    A staging procedure is part of the process to determine if an ovarian tumor is malignant (cancerous). We remove and test tissue samples from the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and lymph nodes to determine what, if any, stage of cancer to diagnose.

    Ovarian cancer has four stages, based on whether and how far the cancer has spread:

    1. The cancer is in one or both ovaries or one or both fallopian tubes.
    2. The cancer in the ovaries or fallopian tubes has spread to nearby organs, such as the uterus or bladder.
    3. The cancer has spread from the pelvis to parts of the abdomen, such as lymph nodes.
    4. The cancer has spread to areas outside of the abdomen, such as the lungs.

    Depending on the stage, we may recommend surgically removing just one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes. If the cancer is aggressive, we likely will recommend debulking surgery, where we remove all tissue affected by cancer along with both ovaries and fallopian tubes.


    Many patients with ovarian cancer also get IV chemotherapy before and/or after surgery, depending on their general health and cancer stage. New research suggests that having surgery first gives some patients better results by removing cancer cells that may be resistant to chemotherapy.


    Transparent, collaborative care.

    At MedStar Health, you get all of your care within one system, and often under one roof. We work closely with other MedStar Health providers to create a personalized treatment plan for a primary evaluation, surgery, and chemotherapy based on your unique condition. 

    After treatment, it’s important to comply with your doctor’s recommendations for follow-up care to reduce the risk of the cancer coming back. Once surgery and chemotherapy are complete, we recommend a physical and pelvic exam every two to four months for two years; every six months for three years; and then once a year. 

    Above all, seek medical care when your body and mind tell you something isn’t right—even if your health care provider disagrees. We will be straightforward with you about tests that can help us either rule out or diagnose the condition that might be causing your symptoms. Our goal is to build a relationship with you and design a personalized care plan to get you back to good health as soon as possible.

    Have you experienced abdominal pain, bloating, or discomfort for over 2 weeks?

    Schedule an appointment with a gynecologist today.

    Call 202-877-DOCS (3627) or Request an Appointment

  • September 08, 2021

    By Misaki Kiguchi, MD

    Varicose veins are more than a cosmetic issue. They can signify a more serious problem such as chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)—when veins in the legs become weak and stop working properly. 

    When the one-way valves that pump blood from the legs to the heart become weak, blood can pool in the legs. CVI can lead to inflammation, swelling, varicose veins, ulcers, and circulation problems that can cause throbbing, cramping or a heavy and tired feeling in the legs, as well as changes to the color and texture of the skin. 

    Venous insufficiency can develop even if veins aren't visible on the skin. Risk factors for this condition include:

    • Age
    • Being overweight or obese
    • Being pregnant
    • Having a family history of vein problems
    • Standing or sitting for long periods
    • Using birth control pills

    Symptoms of vein problems usually do not go away on their own and tend to get worse over time. Fortunately, several minimally invasive procedures can relieve your symptoms and take care of problem veins for good—many in just one treatment. 

    If you’re tired of dealing with vein problems, ask a vascular surgeon if one of these minimally invasive treatment options can help you.

    Request a consultation.

    6 ways to reduce or treat vein problems

    Before treatment begins, we may recommend that you have a duplex ultrasound to rule out other serious vein problems, such as a deep-vein thrombosis (a blood clot condition). This ultrasound can also test the function of your valves within your veins.


    Based on those results, your doctor may recommend one of these minimally invasive procedures or a combination of therapies to relieve your symptoms.


    1. Lifestyle changes.

    Adjusting your normal routine can keep varicose and spider veins from getting worse, ease your symptoms, and lower your risk of developing new vein problems. We recommend that all patients:

    • Achieve and maintain a healthy weight to reduce strain on your legs
    • Exercise regularly, focusing on activities that improve leg “pump”, such as walking and running
    • Elevate your legs and take short walk breaks if you have to sit for long periods of time

    2. Compression therapy.

    Compression therapy involves the use of special garments that put external pressure on the leg to push valves closer together, increasing their efficiency. Compression socks and stockings provide support and apply graduated compression.


    Over-the-counter compression hose are available in pharmacies and medical supply stores, and many styles look just like regular socks or hose. Prescription-strength garments are recommended for anyone with venous disease. A trained professional can fit you for socks or hose based on your body and venous condition.

    3. Sclerotherapy

    Sclerotherapy involves injecting chemicals into affected veins to seal them closed and prevent blood from flowing through them. Over time, the treated veins turn to scar tissue and fade away as the body redirects blood flow to healthier veins. You may need to wear compression stockings or elastic bandages between treatments to reduce swelling and help your legs heal. 

    4. Radiofrequency ablation

    Radiofrequency ablation involves inserting a thin, flexible tube called a catheter into the dysfunctional vein. At the end of the catheter is a heating element that heats up and seals off the vein from the inside.


    We can do this procedure with just a local anesthetic in the office, and you will go home the same day. The vein treated with radiofrequency ablation will become scar tissue and fade as healthy veins take over the leg’s normal blood flow.

    5. Microphlebectomy

     Veins that are too small for ablation or too big for sclerotherapy can be treated with this outpatient procedure. The surgeon will make precise 2-3mm incisions in your skin to remove troublesome veins. No stitches are required, though you'll need to wear an elastic bandage or compression socks for a few days to support healing.

    6. VenaSeal®

    In this simple outpatient procedure, we use a catheter to apply a small amount of medical adhesive inside dysfunctional veins. The adhesive closes off these veins, and the body reroutes blood flow to healthy veins over the next few weeks. 

    You don't have to live with venous problems. Talk with a board-certified vascular surgeon to choose the best treatment option for your unique condition.


    Looking for treatment for venous problems?

    The specialists at MedStar Heart & Vascular Institute are here to help.

    Find expert care close to you.

  • September 03, 2021

    By Miriam Fischer, MD

    September is Sepsis Awareness Month—an important time for patients and health care providers to learn more about this life-threatening condition.


    Sepsis occurs when the body overreacts to an infection and causes major organ and tissue damage. Any infection in any person can result in sepsis, which is why it’s so dangerous. Every year in the U.S., nearly 2 million people develop sepsis and it claims 270,000 lives


    Sepsis is often referred to as blood poisoning. While a blood infection can lead to sepsis, it is not the only potential cause of sepsis. Whether a patient has severe burns, pneumonia, a urinary tract infection, or appendicitis, any infection is considered a sepsis risk. 


    At MedStar Health, sepsis awareness is a year-round initiative. We provide a higher volume of specialty care than other institutions in our region, which means our doctors and nurses are attuned to the symptoms, treatments, and effects of sepsis associated with all types of infections—and just as importantly, what it takes to prevent sepsis when possible.


    We watch closely for high-risk factors, such as patients who have:

    • A weakened immune system or take chronic medication that suppresses their immune system, such as chemotherapy
    • An object inside their body, such as a catheter or piece of metal from a previous surgery or wound

    To ensure our patients get the highest level of infection prevention and care, we’ve launched a high-priority project that will further improve our sepsis protocols.


    Common sepsis symptoms. 

    An infection can progress to sepsis within hours or days, depending on the type of infection and the patient’s level of vulnerability. Because sepsis can become severe so quickly, it’s best to identify signs and symptoms as early as possible. 


    The first signs of sepsis include:

    • A very high or low temperature, which can indicate poor regulation
    • Elevated heart rate
    • High respiratory rate
    • Increased or decreased white blood cell count

    We also look for signs of organ failure: a patient who is confused, for example, or has low blood pressure despite receiving IV fluids. 


    However, the symptoms of sepsis overlap with common symptoms of other conditions and aren’t always obvious. If a patient is presenting with outward signs of sepsis, we typically perform blood tests to look for signs of systemic infection or organ damage. These can tell us the patient’s white blood cell count, how the blood is clotting, if any systemic inflammation exists, and if bacteria has caused an infection. We may also perform a urine test if we suspect a kidney or urinary tract infection, or a chest Xray if we suspect pneumonia or other specialized studies.


    Time is of the essence. If sepsis is not identified or treated fast enough, it can be fatal. Patients who survive it can suffer long-term effects including limb loss, overall muscle weakness, permanent organ damage, and mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

    #Sepsis progresses fast & claims 270,000 U.S. lives each year. Common symptoms include high or low body temp, elevated heart rate, shortness of breath, and low blood pressure. Seek treatment immediately if you suspect sepsis:
    Click to Tweet

    Health care and technology experts team up to improve sepsis outcomes.

    Continually improving how we identify and treat sepsis has led to more positive outcomes. We have united our best experts and resources to develop a faster, more accurate method to diagnose sepsis as early as possible.


    A multidisciplinary team of nurses, doctors, pharmacists, and advanced practice providers across the entire MedStar system meets regularly with our data analysts and engineers to review the most cutting-edge research available. We then use that data to improve our processes for identifying patients at risk of sepsis and creating the best strategies to care for those with mild cases to serious complications.


    Incorporating innovative technology reduces our response time and raises patient recovery rates:

    • Our internal computer system alerts health care providers to any patient who may potentially be septic. Every hospital has a specialized system to evaluate these alerts and recommend treatment. 
    • An automatic order form that requests more advanced lab results is available to care providers of patients who may be septic. This order form makes it easier and faster to check for internal damage caused by sepsis once we identify a patient at risk of developing it.

    Our research team’s next step is building a new identification tool. Using a sepsis staging model (the beginning-to-end process of sepsis development) and existing electronic health record data, it will help us quickly recognize which patients are at the highest risk of a serious outcome—and then immediately send a team of specialists to further evaluate those patients. By narrowing the focus from patients who can potentially develop sepsis to patients who are at higher risk of death, we strive to increase survival rates and decrease long-term side effects.

    Treating sepsis in time.

    Just as there’s no one way to identify sepsis, there’s no one way to treat it. The most important factor is source control, which means we have to treat what’s causing the infection. 

    Most sepsis cases are caused by a bacterial infection. We typically treat these with antibiotics, which slow bacteria growth. But if something else is causing the infection, like a piece of metal inside the body, we may have to remove or clean the source. While doing this, we provide IV fluids or medicine to keep the patient’s blood pressure in a safe range as their body fights the infection. Sepsis can also be caused by other sources of infection, such as viruses or fungi.


    Because sepsis progresses so rapidly, we often don’t wait for an official diagnosis and begin treatment the moment we suspect sepsis. Administering antibiotics and fluids early on increases the likelihood of a successful recovery.

    The future of sepsis prevention.

    One of many lessons COVID-19 has taught us is that the study of infections will grow more important. We’re seeing progress everywhere. A new vaccine technology, for example, is anticipated to prevent septic shock, which refers to the organ failure that occurs when sepsis is not treated in time. Early in 2021, an Iowa teenager created color-changing stitches that detect early infections.

    Patients and family members also play a role in sepsis prevention. As it is Sepsis Awareness Month, I encourage everyone to learn more about easy infection prevention steps, such as thoroughly washing your hands, cleaning and covering wounds, following specific instructions when you are prescribed antibiotics, and keeping your vaccines up to date


    By educating yourself, friends, and family on sepsis symptoms and causes, you’re more likely to seek emergency care at the first sign of sepsis, speed up treatment, and help save lives.


    Memorize, recognize, and strategize for symptoms of sepsis.

    The sooner you seek treatment, the better.

    Call 202-877-DOCS (3627) or Request an Appointment

  • September 03, 2021

    By MedStar Team

    Congratulations to all MedStar researchers who had articles published in August 2021. The selected articles and link to PubMed provided below represent the body of work completed by MedStar Health investigators, physicians, and associates and published in peer-reviewed journals last month. The list is compiled from PubMed for any author using “MedStar” in the author affiliation. Congratulations to this month’s authors. We look forward to seeing your future research.

    View the full list of publications on here.

    1. Delayed Digit Replantation: What is the Evidence?
      The Journal of Hand Surgery, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2021.07.007
      Harbour PW, Malphrus E, Zimmerman RM, Giladi AM.

    2. Circulating Syndecan-1 and Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor, Biomarkers of Endothelial Dysfunction, Predict Mortality in Burn Patients.
      Shock, 2021. DOI: 10.1097/SHK.0000000000001709
      Keyloun JW, Le TD, Pusateri AE, Ball RL, Carney BC, Orfeo T, Brummel-Ziedins KE, Bravo MC, McLawhorn MM, Moffatt LT, Shupp JW

    3. Single-Center Experience With the LOTUS Edge Transcatheter Heart Valve.
      Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.carrev.2021.04.024
      Medranda GA, Rogers T, Case BC, Shults CC, Cohen JE, Satler LF, Ben-Dor I, Waksman R.

    4. Defining a Minimum Hospital Volume Threshold for Minimally Invasive Colon Cancer Resections.
      Surgery, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.surg.2021.06.031
      Bader NA, Sweeney M, Zeymo A, Villano AM, Houlihan B, Bayasi M, Al-Refaie WB, Chan KS.
  • September 03, 2021

    By MedStar Team

    Melissa Gonzales was awarded the SPIRIT of Excellence Award for the first quarter of 2021 during the MHRI Virtual Town Hall. Melissa is a Clinical Research Coordinator for the MedStar Health Research Institute at MedStar Washington Hospital Center. The award was presented by Ron Migues, Executive Director, MedStar Health Research Institute.

    Melissa was recognized for being a team player that pays attention to detail. Her colleagues appreciate her dedication to ensure our research participants have a positive research experience while also meeting enrollment and financial targets.

    "Thank you for always willing to help out even without being asked. You just jump right in when the situations needs it. You just always offer to help the team with no questions asked. You are truly a team player. I commend you for being great with our patients and PI's. Your professionalism and commitment is outstanding." - Patricia Tanjutco, MD

    "Melissa is the “secret weapon” that any professional team would be jealous to have in their arsenal. She is always two steps ahead of what needs to be done in a clinical trial, and before everyone else is aware of the need, Melissa has already taken care of the issue and figured out a way to make the process easier for everyone else! She is an excellent Clinical Research Coordinator, with an incredible eye to detail and a confident and caring manner that makes her a valuable asset to any research team." - Maureen McNulty, RN, MS

    The SPIRIT Award is given to recognize and reward one associate (management or non-management) each quarter, who excels in Service, Patient First, Integrity, Respect, Innovation, and Teamwork.

    Nominations are based on submission to the MHRI Kudos program. Each quarter, the MHRI Executive Team will review the KUDOS submissions and select an associate or manager who best exemplifies all our SPIRIT values.

  • September 03, 2021

    By MedStar Team

    Hannah Arem, PhD, Scientific Director of Implementation Science at the MedStar Health Research Institute, was selected for funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for her five-year project entitled, “Reducing Inequities in Cancer Outcomes through Community-Based Interventions on Social Determinants of Health.”


    The purpose of this award, in collaboration with George Washington University and Howard University, is to conduct research to further institutionalize screening and follow up for social determinants of health among cancer survivors in DC at three cancer institutes. Additionally, the researchers will conduct anti-bias training at the three cancer institutes with all providers interacting with patients. The long-term goal of this study is to develop scalable interventions to identify and address social needs for cancer survivors. This project is intended to establish sustainable clinical-community linkages and improve survivor health and well-being. This research aims to advance our understanding of what works in different settings, for whom and why.

    Understanding the burden of social needs in our population, the available community resources, and solidifying integrated, closed-loop referral systems to address those needs is critical to improving quality of life for cancer survivors and reducing disparities in outcomes.